Therefore, even a Chinese national with the right of abode in Hong Kong has a slightly different status to a foreign national with the right of abode in Hong Kong as well (since the former can never lose the right of abode status while the latter can lose it if he does not enter Hong Kong for a period of 36 months).
At the same time, a foreign national with the right of abode in Hong Kong has a preferential immigration status to a Chinese national without the right of abode in Hong Kong, as the former can remain in Hong Kong indefinitely, while the latter has to have his immigration status reassessed whenever his visa/permit expires.
Under the one country, two systems policy, Hong Kong maintains its immigration and visa policy independently from the rest of China.
Consequently, entering Hong Kong from mainland China or Macau requires passing through immigration checkpoints of mainland China or Macau.
2 - Not applicable if holder's nationality is stated is I-Tuvalu.
3 - Not applicable to holders of passports issued under Decree 289/90.1 - Not applicable to holders of non-biometric passports.
The visa policy of Hong Kong deals with the requirements in which a foreign national wishing to enter the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region must meet to obtain an entry permit or visa, which depending on the traveller's nationality, may be required to travel to, enter, and remain in the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region.